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Villa Regina

The rural villa in the area of Villa Regina comprising various rooms arranged on the three sides of an open courtyard, where there is the wine cellar with 18 dolia.

Among the various areas in the villa of which casts of the wooden fixtures from the doors and windows have been preserved, the following areas and items are of particular interest: a wide arcade surrounding the uncovered courtyard, a space used as storage and temporary kitchen where most of the ornaments of the villa were found on shelves and in a closet, the torcularium with the remains of the wooden press with holes and cockpits for its fastening to the ground, the pressing tank and the container for the must, the triclinium with painted walls attributed to the transition phase between the Third and Fourth styles, the kitchen, which wasn’t being used at the moment of the eruption, with a brick oven and a hearth at the centre of the room, a service compartment with a water cistern topped by a clay puteal, the granary used for the preservation of hay, cereals, and beans, adjacent to the uncovered barnyard.

The villa, which also had an upper floor, can be dated back to the 1st century B.C. in its original form and was expanded in at least two phases during the Augustan and Julio-Claudian age. In the arcade, a transportation wagon (plaustrum) was found during the excavation, and in a street nearby you can still see the tracks left by its wheels on the ground.

The walking surface of the area around the villa is made up of the agricultural land of 79 A.D., which still preserves traces of the ancient plantations and the casts of its vine roots were made. Beside them, the vines were replanted for the demonstrative recreation of the vineyard.

Along the site walls, the stratigraphy of the ground clearly shows the sequence of pyroclastic sediments, caused by the eruption of 79 A.D., which destroyed the small farm.