The house, one of the richest and most famous in Pompeii, is under the protection of Priapus, the god of prosperity, painted to the right of the door, symbolising the economic prosperity of the owners, the brothers Aulus Vettius Restitutus and Aulus Vettius Conviva liberti, who became rich through trade.

The appearance of the house was changed during the restructuring phase in the Augustan era (1st century BC) with respect to the traditional layout that characterises other homes, such as those of the Faun and Sallust, eliminating also the tablinum to gain more space for the large garden, full of statues with jets of water, which is the focal point of the dwelling. The more richly decorated rooms overlook the peristylium, including the living room with the frieze of Cupids which carry out the main productive activities of that time, from selling wine to cleaning clothes, cultivating flowers to harvesting, jewellery making to creating perfumes. The lararium painting is found in the kitchen area; a graffiti at the entrance of the house indicates that the prostitute, Eutychus, who was a slave offering herself for two Asses, carried out her affairs in the adjacent room, decorated with a number of erotic paintings.

Date of excavation: 1894-1895.